"Charles John Huffam Dickens" In memory of the 200th Birthday on 07/02/2012

"Charles John Huffam Dickens" In memory of the 200th Birthday on 07/02/2012

Charles Dickens was born on 7 February 1812 in Landport in Portsmouth (England) born. He was the second of eight children of John Dickens (1786-1851), a clerk in the Navy Pay Office at Portsmouth, and his wife Elizabeth (née Barrow, 1789-1863). When Charles was five years old, the family moved to Chatham in Kent to. 1822, the family settled in Dickens 16 Bayham Street, Camden Town, London, as the father had been transferred professionally.
Early career

1823, only a year later, the father could the large family because of the higher cost of living in the British capital, not feed more and came to the debtor's prison in London. The mother moved with seven siblings in the jail. Only Charles lived outside to earn for the family struggling for financial survival on maintenance. He worked with other children in a warehouse. His experience in this warehouse inspired him to some passages in David Copperfield. Age of twelve Dickens had to work as a laborer in a factory for shoe polish. Therefore, it is a regular school attendance was no longer possible.

When his father was released from prison in 1824, Charles went back to school until 1826 and in 1827 was hired as a clerk for a lawyer. During this time he was able to study human types and simultaneously operate in the British Museum literary studies. Dickens worked in 1829 for parliamentary stenographers high (parliamentary rapporteur), where he is the Stenografiesystem by Thomas Gurney used and to date the most famous user of this system.
Relations and descendants

1830 Dickens met Maria Beadnell know. Dickens gave her an application, but Maria's parents disapproved of the compound and sent their daughter to a girls' school in Paris, in order to stop further contact with Dickens. This disappointing end of his first love affair was Dickens's ambition for social advancement, made possible by professional successes.

1836 Dickens married Catherine Hogarth (1816-1879), from whom he parted with the 1858th The couple had ten children.
Journalist and writer

1831 Dickens worked for the newspaper True Sun, but was soon taken to the Parliament Mitredaktion mirror and eventually became a journalist with the newspaper Morning Chronicle. 1836-37 appeared in the monthly books Pickwick Papers, gained notoriety by Dickens as a writer. Following his first novels were also built as a continuation of stories in newspapers. He often wrote on several. Dickens developed in this work, an original narrative power that was in himself and the rich life of the people, especially the lower classes, their source and their patterns. Dickens would not only shake up the literary success, but also the conscience of his time and pave the way for social reform. The sharpness of vision, coupled with humor, creates the typical atmosphere of Dickens.

Oliver Twist was first published in 1838. Dickens was the editor of the great liberal newspaper Daily News as well as the magazine Household Words. He also was a member of the prestigious, open especially artists Garrick Club. Meanwhile, Dickens works were made in the North American countries with great success. 1842 Dickens came to the U.S. and Canada as a reader of his own works, the crowd was very large. As Dickens but it dared to raise the idea of ​​an international copyright law (many American newspapers had printed his stories without asking Dickens or participate), it triggered a wave of outrage. Dickens himself was disappointed by America, as he had expected an open, tolerant society and republican unlike the English aristocracy, and instead also came across class differences, classism and slavery.

1843 Dickens published A Christmas Carol in Prose, mostly German title. A Christmas Carol, in a fantastic action is linked to a moral purpose Similar Dickens stories: Chimes (1844), The Cricket on the Herd (1845) and Battle of Life (1845). 1852 Dickens was on 27 December in Birmingham. Its first reading in England, the audience were industrial workers in the English Midlands Since this performance included excerpts from A Christmas Carol to Dickens's solid reading program. 1856 allowed him his income to purchase the estate Gad's Hill Place in Rochester. 1858, after separating from his wife, he made his first reading tour of England.

 
Zeichnung des Bahnunglücks von Staplehurst aus der Lokalpresse
 
Dickens's grave in the Poets' Corner of Westminster Abbey

On 9 June 1865 Dickens survived a serious rail accident in Staplehurst, Kent, which he survived Although physically unharmed, but from which it was pursued for the rest of his life in the Spirit, he went through again and again. Immediately after the incident, which occurred on the way back from a meeting with the actress Ellen Ternan, Dickens rose, after given first aid, back into the car in order to save his manuscript Our Mutual Friend. An attempt to process the accident is, the ghost story The Signal-Man represents where experienced the protagonist's vision of a railway accident, however, based on the accident in the Clayton Tunnel in 1861, which killed 23 people and wounded the 176th

Late 1867 he traveled, already in poor health, and therefore. After some hesitation, again for six months to a book tour to America In 1869 he made ​​a last reading tour of the United Kingdom, where he suffered a stroke during a reading. The trip was abandoned. On 9 Charles Dickens died in June 1870 at his country home at a second stroke. He was born on 14 June was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Dickens is one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Already from 1857 to 1892 alone sold the publishing firm Chapman & Hall (London) 700,000 copies of his works.

(Report and pictures at: Wikipedia)