"Charles John Huffam Dickens" In memory of the 200th Birthday on 07/02/2012
Charles Dickens was born on 7 February 1812 in Landport in Portsmouth (England) born. He was the second of eight children of John Dickens (1786-1851), a clerk in the Navy Pay Office at Portsmouth, and his wife Elizabeth (née Barrow, 1789-1863). When Charles was five years old, the family moved to Chatham in Kent to. 1822, the family settled in Dickens 16 Bayham Street, Camden Town, London, as the father had been transferred professionally.
1823, only a year later, the father could the large family because of the higher cost of living in the British capital, not feed more and came to the debtor's prison in London. The mother moved with seven siblings in the jail. Only Charles lived outside to earn for the family struggling for financial survival on maintenance. He worked with other children in a warehouse. His experience in this warehouse inspired him to some passages in David Copperfield. Age of twelve Dickens had to work as a laborer in a factory for shoe polish. Therefore, it is a regular school attendance was no longer possible.
When his father was released from prison in 1824, Charles went back to school until 1826 and in 1827 was hired as a clerk for a lawyer. During this time he was able to study human types and simultaneously operate in the British Museum literary studies. Dickens worked in 1829 for parliamentary stenographers high (parliamentary rapporteur), where he is the Stenografiesystem by Thomas Gurney used and to date the most famous user of this system.
Relations and descendants
1830 Dickens met Maria Beadnell know. Dickens gave her an application, but Maria's parents disapproved of the compound and sent their daughter to a girls' school in Paris, in order to stop further contact with Dickens. This disappointing end of his first love affair was Dickens's ambition for social advancement, made possible by professional successes.
1836 Dickens married Catherine Hogarth (1816-1879), from whom he parted with the 1858th The couple had ten children.
Journalist and writer
1831 Dickens worked for the newspaper True Sun, but was soon taken to the Parliament Mitredaktion mirror and eventually became a journalist with the newspaper Morning Chronicle. 1836-37 appeared in the monthly books Pickwick Papers, gained notoriety by Dickens as a writer. Following his first novels were also built as a continuation of stories in newspapers. He often wrote on several. Dickens developed in this work, an original narrative power that was in himself and the rich life of the people, especially the lower classes, their source and their patterns. Dickens would not only shake up the literary success, but also the conscience of his time and pave the way for social reform. The sharpness of vision, coupled with humor, creates the typical atmosphere of Dickens.
Oliver Twist was first published in 1838. Dickens was the editor of the great liberal newspaper Daily News as well as the magazine Household Words. He also was a member of the prestigious, open especially artists Garrick Club. Meanwhile, Dickens works were made in the North American countries with great success. 1842 Dickens came to the U.S. and Canada as a reader of his own works, the crowd was very large. As Dickens but it dared to raise the idea of an international copyright law (many American newspapers had printed his stories without asking Dickens or participate), it triggered a wave of outrage. Dickens himself was disappointed by America, as he had expected an open, tolerant society and republican unlike the English aristocracy, and instead also came across class differences, classism and slavery.
1843 Dickens published A Christmas Carol in Prose, mostly German title. A Christmas Carol, in a fantastic action is linked to a moral purpose Similar Dickens stories: Chimes (1844), The Cricket on the Herd (1845) and Battle of Life (1845). 1852 Dickens was on 27 December in Birmingham. Its first reading in England, the audience were industrial workers in the English Midlands Since this performance included excerpts from A Christmas Carol to Dickens's solid reading program. 1856 allowed him his income to purchase the estate Gad's Hill Place in Rochester. 1858, after separating from his wife, he made his first reading tour of England.