The 500th Birthday of Paul Eber (* 08/11/1511)
Paul Eber was born the son of a tailor named Johann († May 23, 1534 in Wittenberg) and his wife Margarethe Pfleumin in Kitzingen in today moths road. He received his education in the home school and moved Kitzingen 1523 the Latin school in Ansbach. At the age of 13 he was thrown from a horse and dragged through a half hour. Since that accident, he always remained somewhat crooked. Because of his talent, but he was encouraged and supported, so that from 1525 he was able to visit the Lawrence School and the former Ägidiengymnasium in Nuremberg.
On 1 June 1532, he enrolled at the University of Wittenberg, where he struck Philipp Melanchthon, was supported by him and his life was connected with him. So they called him arguably the "Respectorium Philippi." In Wittenberg, he obtained on 27 April 1536 the philosophical master's degree and was taken in April 1537 in the Senate of the Faculty of Philosophy. From then on, he began to teach himself. His repetitions and disputations of philosophy, physics and ancient authors attracted more and more students, so that he on 11 July 1541 as a permanent position was appointed professor of the Latin language of Elector Johann Friedrich.
As a result of an electoral rescript of 30 December 1543 was the Kitzinger scholars who formerly occupied by Veit Amerbach professor of physics. In the summer term 1544 was Eber professor of Latin grammar and joined the academic senate of the University of Wittenberg. The broken by the impact of the Smalcald War activity in the Wittenberg Academy took the remaining in Wittenberg boar in the winter semester in 1547 again. In 1550, he became Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy.
Already time he was involved in church affairs. So you can find him at the Convention in Pegau, in many entries of the Saxon church inspections Kurkreise in 1555 and on the Kollogium in Worms (1557). When on his 26th April 1557 took over the vacant offices of the late John Forster, he was the chair of the Hebrew language, and the upper preacher at the Castle Church in Wittenberg. After the death of Johannes Bugenhagen on 20 April 1558, he took over his position as General Superintendent of the Saxon Kurkreises and became senior pastor at the Wittenberg church.
As pastor of the Mother Church of the Reformation, he became professor of theology and general superintendent. In recognition of his service, he received his doctorate in 1559 for his doctorate in theology. After the death of Philipp Melanchthon 1560 he became a member of the Faculty of Theology and was from that time the most important figure of the Protestant Church in the center of the Reformation, where he still took Melanchthon's intermediary role in a time of increasingly stringent dogmatic differences. He's known to convey the intentions of Martin Luther and therefore could mediate in the conflicts of Gnesiolutheraner and crypto Calvinists. He also worked for the university as a rector in the winter semester 1551 and Vice President in the equivalent office in the summer semester of the 1557th
His deep religiosity expressed in his hymns, which made him the most influential poets in the center next to Luther of the Reformation. After a busy life in the evangelical church Paul Eber died in Wittenberg. He was buried in the church of Wittenberg. Wealthy citizens donated an epitaph to his memory. Styled by Lucas Cranach the Younger Epitaph, The vineyard of the Lord, is still one of the most important works in the Wittenberg church.
"Text and Photo: Wikipedia)